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Catalogue code: AP392
Designed to resemble a newspaper of the time, the First World War 1914 Presentation Pack explores the political and economic context within which war broke out in 1914, charting the course of events from the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand to the end of 1914. It also includes all six First World War 1914 Special Stamps together with the descriptive carrier card, and bears a superb portrait of Captain Francis Grenfell of the 9th Lancers, who won one of the first Victoria Crosses of the war in 1914, on its reverse.
The presentation pack offers at-a-glance overview of the political and economic context within which war broke out in 1914 and charts the course of events from 28 June, the day Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated, to the end of the year. Written by Ian Kikuchi, a leading member of the team creating the new First World War galleries at the Imperial War Museums in London, the text highlights the global nature of the conflict. The front of the pack is styled to resemble a newspaper from the time and includes a list of key events.
On the rear of the pack, the heroic and romantic view still held by many in the early days of the war is captured in a painting from the National Army Museum collection by Richard Caton Woodville, an artist renowned for battle scenes. It shows Captain Francis Grenfell of the 9th Lancers in two separate actions in 1914 which won him one of the first Victoria Crosses of the war. A QR code containing a link to the Imperial War Museums’ First World War Centenary website has been included to facilitate quick access to additional information.
A separate carrier card offers a detailed description of each of the six stamp images.
POPPY, FIONA STRICKLAND
The poppy quickly became symbolic of the war. It was previously associated with the powerful effects of opium and detested by farmers as a stubborn weed, but its tendency to spring up on disturbed earth made it a common sight among the broken ground of shell-torn battlefields. The poppy’s deep red colour seemed to evoke the blood of wounded men, while the flower’s delicate petals might hint at the fragility of life itself. In this specially commissioned painting, artist Fiona Strickland captures the fine texture and translucency of a poppy’s petals.
‘FOR THE FALLEN’, LAURENCE BINYON
In 1914, Laurence Binyon was a senior curator at the British Museum and an authority on East Asian art. Born in 1869, he was too old to enlist at the outbreak of war. He had been a published poet since the age of 16, and on 21 September 1914, The Times printed his seven-stanza poem ‘For the Fallen’. At this time, the British Expeditionary Force was in retreat, having suffered heavy casualties at the Battle of Mons. Binyon’s poem is very well known today, being used across the world in the ‘Ode of Remembrance’.
PRIVATE WILLIAM CECIL TICKLE
Private William Cecil Tickle enlisted during the height of the recruiting rush on 7 September 1914. Despite being underage, he managed to join the 9th Battalion, Essex Regiment. After a period of arduous training, the battalion was deployed to France and on the third day of the Battle of the Somme attacked near the village of Ovillers. The troops were hit by machine-gun fire from three sides and suffered heavy casualties. Among the dead was Private Tickle. Having no known grave, he is commemorated on the Thiepval Memorial.
A STAR SHELL, CRW NEVINSON
Christopher Richard Wynne Nevinson was born in London in 1889. A leading exponent of Futurism, he went to France and Flanders as a Red Cross orderly, later joining the Royal Army Medical Corps. After being invalided out of the Army, he secured a commission as an official war artist. One of Nevinson’s official works, Paths of Glory, showing two dead British soldiers lying amid mud and barbed wire, was controversially censored. In A Star Shell, Nevinson depicts the weird, unearthly light of an illuminating artillery flare. The shell’s harsh glow reveals a strange landscape of broken ground and barbed wire and captures the disorienting alien nature of the battlefield.
THE RESPONSE, NEWCASTLE
The Response, otherwise known as the Renwick Memorial, was inaugurated in Newcastle in July 1923. A spectacular sculpture by William Goscombe John depicts the volunteers of the Northumberland Fusiliers marching to the station on their way to France. Led by drummers and heralded by the figure of Victory, the men walk resolutely as two sweethearts part for perhaps the last time. Field Marshal Lord Kitchener’s call to arms in September 1914 met with an instant and overwhelming response. While the pre-war British Army needed 30,000 recruits a year, at the peak of the recruiting rush this number enlisted in a single day. By the end of 1915, 2.5 million had volunteered.
PRINCESS MARY’S GIFT FUND BOX
On 15 October 1914, Princess Mary launched her Christmas Gift Fund. In a public letter, she wrote, “I want you now to help me send a Christmas present from the whole nation to every sailor afloat and every soldier at the front.” Her appeal was met with an enthusiastic response, eventually raising over £162,000. On Christmas Day 1914 alone, 426,724 gifts were distributed to British service personnel. Each included writing materials, a Christmas card and a photograph of the Princess, and most contained tobacco and cigarettes, all enclosed in an embossed brass box. Many boxes survived, becoming distinctive mementoes of the war’s first Christmas.
Special Stamps Technical Specifications
Design hat-trick design
Stamp format /size square 35mm x 35mm
Printer International Security Printers
Print process Lithography
Perforation 14.5 x 14.5
Phosphor ‘For the Fallen’ and A Star Shell – all over; all others – bars as appropriate
Number per sheet 25/50
Acknowledgements: Poppy by Fiona Strickland, 2014 © Royal Mail Group Ltd 2014; ‘For the Fallen’ by Laurence Binyon, September 1914, lettering and stone carving by Gary Breeze © Royal Mail Group Ltd 2014; Private William Cecil Tickle, 9th Battalion, Essex Regiment © Imperial War Museums (HU 93549); A Star Shell by Christopher Richard Wynne Nevinson, 1916 © Tate, London 2011; The Response, Newcastle, sculpted by Sir William Goscombe John RA and photographed by Paul Grundy; Princess Mary’s Gift Fund box, courtesy Imperial War Museums, photographed by John Ross © Royal Mail Group Ltd 2014, Stamp designs © Royal Mail Group Ltd 2014